The stomach is a bulky divider that divides the belly from the midsection. In hiatal hernia a piece of the stomach distends upward into the midsection through an esophageal opening in the stomach. Any inside organ that inspires itself into an alternate territory of the body is known as a hernia. the throat experiences the rest and afterward meets with the stomach. The stomach lumps up through that opening and this condition is called break hernia
There are two types of hiatus hernia: para-esophageal hernia and sliding hiatal hernia.
In this condition, the stomach and esophagus locations are undisturbed. Part of the stomach actually pushes itself upward through the hiatus and lodges itself next to the esophagus. Blood supply to the stomach is strangled.
This hernia is very common. The stomach and the part of the esophagus both together slide up into the chest
Hiatal or hiatus hernia can be caused by:
X-ray study A barium swallow followed by an x-ray allows examination of the esophagus and stomach.
Endoscopy or gastroscopy An endoscope is inserted into the gullet to examine the esophagus for any
Esophageal Manometry Test This is a pressure study which checks the strength and muscle coordination of the esophagus whilst swallowing.