Colorectal Cancer

The colon and the rectum structure piece of the digestive framework. Colorectal tumor is a term utilized for growth that can start either in the colon or in the rectum. Both have may emphasizes in like manner yet may differ in treatment.

The colon is a 6-foot long brawny tube which starts toward the end of the small digestive tract, on the privilege side of the body called cecum. The rectum and the colon together are known as the internal organ. The rectum is 8-inches in length and a chamber with structures the lower piece of the pelvis that associate the colon to the butt. The colon and rectum together perform the capacity of handling waste and exhausting the entrails. The colon expels water from the stool and the rectum holds the stool for departure.

Growth that begins in the colon will be colon tumor. Disease that begins in the rectum is rectal malignancy. Furthermore the malignancy that influences both or both of these is called colorectal disease. At the point when there is strange development of cells or polyps on the internal covering of the colon or the rectum it makes a tumor. This tumor may be termed as disease. The polyps can be of two sorts' intestinal polyps (adenomas) and hyperplastic polyps. Most polyps are innocuous yet some of them can be carcinogenic.

  • Age
  • Heredity
  • Diet high in: animal protein, saturated fats, calories, dietary fiber
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Smoking
  • Women with a history of breast, uterus and ovarian cancers
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Obesity and weight issues
  • Physical inactivity
  • Untreated polyps in the colon and rectum
  • Crohn’s disease or irritable bowel disease (IBD)
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • FAP, hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (Lynch syndrome)
  • Fusobacteria found in the mouth
  • Urgency to move bowels
  • Rectal cramping
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Feeling of bowel not emptying completely
  • Dark patches of blood in stool
  • Long, thin, pencil stools
  • Bloating of abdomen
  • Feeling of fullness in abdomen
  • Vomiting
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Unexplained iron deficiency

Fecal occult blood test: This test checks the presence of blood in feces.
Stool DNA test; This test is done to analyze DNA markers that can be shed into the stool by precancerous polyp cells.
Barium enema x-ray: The contrast dye, barium is placed into the patient’s bowel in the form of an enema. This coats the lining of the bowel and an x-ray is taken. Air is used in a double-contrast barium enema.
Colonoscopy: A long, slender tube with a camera and light at its end is inserted to view the colon and the rectum.
Flexible sigmoidoscopy: A long, flexible tube which is smaller than a colonoscope is inserted into the patient’s rectum and sigmoid. The light and camera at the end of the tube examine the area for polyps which may also be extracted to be examined under the microscope.
CT Colonscopy: This is also called virtual colonoscopy, the machine which takes images of the patient’s colon. The patient’s colon is cleared before the exam for better results.
MRI: This produces three dimensional images of the bowel.
Ultrasound scan: This test uses sound waves to detect the spread of cancer to other parts of the body.

Treatment Offers